You have the right to protect yourself on the job. Violence by an intimate partner can be a serious challenge to keeping a job. A batterer may harass you at work or follow you on the way to and from the job. You may find yourself missing work due to injuries or the need to go to court.
Domestic violence victims have certain types of legal protections in the workplace. You are protected legally from discrimination, wrongful termination, harassment, and various other wrongs. Both federal and state laws provide protection for victims of crimes in the workplace.
Congé du travail
- If you need time off from work to seek medical attention and heal from a serious injury resulting from domestic violence, you may be entitled to job-protected leave from work under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). FMLA gives covered employees unpaid leave when facing a serious medical condition. En savoir plus sur FMLA.
- You can seek time off related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking under Maryland’s paid sick and safe leave law. Under the law, an employee may use leave for an absence related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking committed against the employee or the employee’s family member. The leave must be used by the employee or the employee’s family member to obtain one of the following:
- medical or mental health attention related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
- services from a victim services organization related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking;
- legal services or proceedings related to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking; or
- during the time that you temporarily relocated due to domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.
Lire la loi : Md. Code, travail et emploi § 3-1305
Handicap lié à la violence domestique
- You may qualify for protection from discrimination and wrongful termination, or a reasonable accommodation in the workplace, if you have a disability that was caused by domestic violence. A victim with a disability caused by domestic violence is protected under the federal Americans with Disabilities Act.
• If an employer treats male employees differently than female employees, that employer may violate Titre VII de la loi sur les droits civils de 1964. For example, if your employer allows male employees time off work to attend family court or child support proceedings but refuses to allow female employees time off work to seek a domestic violence protective order, your employer may be discriminating against the female employees because of their sex.
- If you are forced to quit your job because you, your spouse, child, or parent are a victim of domestic violence, you may be eligible to collect unemployment. Under Maryland law, voluntarily leaving employment because of circumstances directly related to domestic violence qualifies as “good cause” for leaving employment. In order to be eligible, you must reasonably believe that continued employment would jeopardize your safety or the safety of your spouse, minor child, or parent. You must demonstrate that you are leaving because of domestic violence and show proof of the violence by providing one of the following:
- une ordonnance de protection temporaire active ou récemment émise,
- une ordonnance de protection,
- toute autre ordonnance judiciaire non provisoire documentant la violence domestique, OU
- un casier judiciaire documentant des violences domestiques récentes.
Il existe également des dispositions en matière de confidentialité.
Moyens suggérés pour vous protéger au travail
You may consider domestic violence to be a very private issue, but when it comes to protecting yourself from a batterer, it is important to tell the people who are around you most often that you need help. Talk to someone you trust. Your supervisor may be much more supportive than you think. You are not alone. Below are some suggestions:
- Obtenez une ordonnance de protection.
- Si vous avez une ordonnance de protection, cela inclut-il le lieu de travail ?
- Pensez à remettre une copie de l'ordonnance de protection à la police où se trouve votre travail.
- Élaborer un plan de sécurité.
- Tell your supervisor that you have a Protective Order, and give them a picture of the respondent. Explain that the Protective Order states that your abuser is not allowed to enter your workplace (if your Protective Order includes your workplace). This is especially important if you work somewhere many people walk in and out of all day (e.g., fast food restaurant).
- Vérifiez si un collègue ou un agent de sécurité peut vous accompagner jusqu'à votre voiture.
- Trouvez une place de stationnement près d’une porte où vous sortez.
- Pouvez-vous faire filtrer les appels d’un agresseur ? Peut-être transférer les appels à la sécurité ou à votre superviseur.
- If your name is listed on an automated phone directory, talk to your supervisor about removing your name and number.
- Parlez à votre superviseur. Pouvez-vous déplacer votre espace de travail vers une zone plus sécurisée ?